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The Tragedy of Hamlet PDF
[PDF] The Tragedy of Hamlet PDF
Author: William Shakespeare
No. Of Pages: 142
PDF Size: 248 KB
Language: English
Category: eBooks & Novels
Source: Drive Files
The Tragedy of Hamlet PDF

The Tragedy of Hamlet Book Summary

A ghost explores the walls of Elsinore Castle in Denmark on a gloomy winter night. The ghost resembles King Hamlet, whose brother Claudius had inherited the throne and married the king’s widow, Queen Gertrude, and was first seen by a pair of watchmen, then by the scholar Horatio. When Horatio and the watchmen bring Prince Hamlet, Gertrude’s son and the dead king’s son, to see the ghost, it talks to him, ominously claiming that it is truly his father’s spirit, and that Claudius killed him. The spirit vanishes with the morning, commanding Hamlet to seek vengeance on the man who seized his kingdom and wedded his wife.

Prince Hamlet swears to avenge his father’s murder, but since he is introspective and methodical by nature, he takes his time, sinking into a profound depression and even seeming insane. Claudius and Gertrude are concerned about the prince’s unpredictable conduct and try to figure out what is causing it. They hire Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, two of Hamlet’s acquaintances, to keep an eye on him. Claudius offers to spy on Hamlet in discussion with Ophelia when Polonius, the pompous Lord Chamberlain, hints that Hamlet may be insane with love for his daughter. But, although Hamlet seems insane, he does not appear to love Ophelia: he forces her to join a nunnery and says that weddings should be prohibited.

When a troupe of travelling performers arrives in Elsinore, Hamlet has an idea to put his uncle’s guilt to the test. He’ll have the actors act out a situation that closely resembles the sequence in which Hamlet imagines his uncle assassinating his father, so that if Claudius is guilty, he’ll undoubtedly respond. Claudius jumps up and exits the room as the time of the murder approaches in the theatre. This, Hamlet and Horatio believe, establishes his guilt. Claudius is praying as Hamlet arrives to murder him. Because Hamlet believes that murdering Claudius while he is praying would send Claudius’ soul to paradise, he thinks it would be insufficient vengeance and resolves to wait. Claudius, terrified of Hamlet’s lunacy and concerned for his own safety, orders Hamlet’s immediate deportation to England.

Hamlet decides to meet his mother, who is hiding behind a tapestry in her bedchamber. Hamlet assumes the king is hidden behind the tapestry after hearing a commotion. He pulls out his sword and stabs Polonius through the cloth, killing him. He is promptly transported to England alongside Rosencrantz and Guildenstern for this crime. Claudius’ plot for Hamlet, however, include more than exile; he has sent Rosencrantz and Guildenstern sealed instructions to the King of England requesting Hamlet’s execution.

Ophelia goes insane with sadness following her father’s death and drowns in the river. Laertes, Polonius’s son who has been in France, returns to Denmark enraged. Claudius persuades him that Hamlet is to responsible for the deaths of his father and sister. Claudius devises a plot to utilise Laertes’ thirst for vengeance to achieve Hamlet’s execution after Horatio and the king receive letters from Hamlet saying that the prince has returned to Denmark after pirates attacked his ship en way to England. Laertes will fencing with Hamlet in good fun, but Claudius will poison Laertes’ sword, causing Hamlet to die if he draws blood. The king devises a backup plan by poisoning a goblet, which he would serve to Hamlet if he scores the first or second hits of the match. Hamlet comes to Elsinore just as Ophelia’s burial is about to take place. He confronts Laertes, wracked with anguish, and swears that he has always loved Ophelia. Back at the castle, he informs Horatio that he thinks everyone should be prepared to die at any time. On Claudius’ instructions, a stupid courtier called Osric comes to organise the fencing duel between Hamlet and Laertes.

It’s time to start battling with swords. Hamlet hits the first home run, but refuses to sip from the king’s glass. Gertrude, on the other hand, drinks from it and is quickly murdered by the poison. Laertes succeeds in injuring Hamlet, however the poison does not kill him right away. Laertes is first injured by his own sword’s blade, and then dies from the poison of the blade after disclosing to Hamlet that Claudius is to blame for the queen’s death. Claudius is subsequently stabbed with the poisoned sword and forced to drink the remaining poisoned wine by Hamlet. Claudius dies, and Hamlet dies soon after obtaining his vengeance.

At this point, a Norwegian prince called Fortinbras appears with diplomats from England, reporting that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead, having led an army to Denmark and assaulted Poland earlier in the play. The horrible sight of the whole royal family sprawled on the floor dead astounds Fortinbras. He makes steps to seize control of the kingdom. Horatio fulfils Hamlet’s last wish by telling him the sad narrative of Hamlet. Hamlet is to be brought away in a manner befitting a fallen soldier, according to Fortinbras.

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What is the true tragedy of Hamlet?

Hamlet avenges his father’s death by attempting to assassinate Claudius after his father’s death. Because he is valiant and devoted, Hamlet is the tragic hero, yet his tragic weakness of unwillingness to act eventually leads to his death.

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