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List of National Symbols of India PDF
List of National Symbols of India PDF
No. Of Pages: 3
PDF Size: 0.20 MB
Language: English
Category: Education & Jobs
Source: Official Website
List of National Symbols of India PDF

List of National Symbols of India PDF

List of National Symbols of India

The Republic of India has several official national symbols including a historical document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes.

The design of the national flag was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly just before independence, on 22 July 1947.

Importance of National Symbols of India

The Importance of National Symbols is given below.

1. They exemplify the rich cultural fiber that resides at the core of the country.

2. Infuse a deep sense of pride in the hearts of Indian citizens.

3. Represent a quality unique to India and its citizens.

4. Popularize the object chosen.

5. Help to preserve the chosen national symbol for generations to come.

National Symbols of India

TitleNational Symbols
National FlagTiranga
National AnthemJana Gana Mana
National CalendarSaka calendar
National SongVande Mataram
National EmblemNational Emblem of India
National FruitMango
National RiverGanga
National AnimalRoyal Bengal Tiger
National TreeIndian Banyan
National Aquatic AnimalGanges River Dolphin
National BirdIndian Peacock
National CurrencyIndian Rupee
National ReptileKing Cobra
National Heritage AnimalIndian Elephant
National FlowerLotus
National VegetablePumpkin
Oath of AllegianceNational Pledge

National Symbols of India detailed information

1) National Flag: Tiranga

India’s national flag is the Tiranga. Pingali Venkayya created the flag, which was approved by the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947.

The country’s power and bravery are symbolised by the top saffron colour. With the Dharma Chakra, the white centre band represents peace and truth. The colour green represents the land’s fertility, growth, and auspiciousness. Its design is based on the wheel seen on the abacus of Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion Capital. Its diameter is about the same as the white band’s breadth, and it contains 24 spokes. On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India approved the design for the National Flag.

2) National Emblem: State Emblem of India

The national symbol of India is based on Ashoka’s Lion Capital at Sarnath. Satyameva Jayate (“Truth Alone Triumphs”) is the organization’s slogan. It depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back on an abacus with a frieze including high relief sculptures of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull, and a lion separated by intervening wheels above a bell-shaped lotus. The National Emblem represents strength, bravery, and confidence, with a horse and a bull at the bottom and a magnificent wheel Dharma chakra in the middle.

3) National Calendar: Saka Calendar

Saka Calendar was introduced by the Calendar Committee in 1957. The usage of the Saka Calendar was officially started at 1 Chaitra 1879 Saka Era, or 22 March 1957.

4) National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana

The Indian National Anthem The Constituent Assembly of India approved Jana-Gana-mana, a Bengali song written by Rabindranath Tagore, as the National Anthem of India on January 24, 1950. It was initially performed on December 27, 1911, during the Indian National Congress’s Calcutta Session.

The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem.

5) National Song: Vande Matram

Vande Mataram is India’s national anthem, written in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji. “The hymn Vande Mataram, which has played a historic role in the battle for Indian independence, must be recognised equally with Jana Gana Mana and should have equal standing with it,” President Dr. Rajendra Prasad said in the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950.

The 1896 session of the Indian National Congress was the first time Vande Matram was sung in a political context. The song appeared in Bankimchandra’s most well-known work, Anand Math (1882).

6) National Currency: Indian Rupee

The Indian rupee (ISO code: INR) is the Republic of India’s official currency. The Reserve Bank of India is in charge of the currency’s issue. The Devanagari consonant “” (ra) was selected as the Indian rupee sign in 2010, while the Latin letter “R” was introduced in 2011. Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam created the design. The INR has an equality symbol, which represents the country’s commitment to narrow economic disparities. The INR’s design was chosen from a shortlist of five symbols. The design is based on the Indian tricolour, according to Udaya Kumar.

7) National Animal: Bengal Tiger

Royal Bengal Tiger is the national animal of India and ranks among the biggest cats in the world. It was adopted as the national animal of India in April 1973 due to the dwindling population of tigers. Prior to the tiger, the national animal of India was the Lion.

8) National Bird: Peacock

India’s national bird is the Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus). The peacock, a bird native to India, symbolises the unification of vibrant colours and has allusions throughout Indian culture. On February 1, 1963, the Indian government designated the peacock as the country’s national bird. It is a resident breeder over the Indian subcontinent and may be found in dry lowland regions.

9) National Aquatic Animal: Dolphin

The Indian government has designated the Ganges river dolphin as the country’s national aquatic animal. It is also the Guwahati’s city animal. The Ganges, Yamuna, Chambal, and Brahmaputra rivers, as well as their tributaries, are home to the South Asian river dolphin.

10) National Fruit: Mango

Mango (Mangifera indica), affectionately called King of Fruits is the National fruit of India. Its sweet fragrance and delectable flavors have won the hearts of many around the world since time immemorial.  As the national fruit of India, it represents prosperity, abundance, and richness in favor of the country’s image.

11) National Flower: Lotus

The national flower of India is Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera). It is an aquatic herb that is often termed as ‘Padma’ in Sanskrit and enjoys a sacred status among the Indian culture. The Lotus symbolizes spirituality, fruitfulness, wealth, knowledge, illumination, along with the purity of heart and mind.

12) National Tree: Banyan Tree

The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. The tree is often a symbol of the fabled ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ or the ‘Tree of Wish Fulfillment’ as it is associated with longevity and has important medicinal properties. The very size and life span of the banyan tree make it a habitat for a large number of creatures.

13) National River: Ganga

The Ganges or the Ganga is the national river of India.  It originates in the snowfields of the Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas as the Bhagirathi River. According to the Hindus, this is the most sacred river on the earth. Interestingly, the Ganga is also the longest river in India covering 2,510 km of mountains, plains, and valleys. The major Indian cities through which it passes are Varanasi, Allahabad, and Haridwar.

14) National Reptile: King Cobra

King Cobra or Snake eater (Ophiophagus hannah) is the National Reptile of India and is found in the forests of India and Southeast Asia. It is the world’s longest venomous snake which is capable of growing up to 19 ft and may live up to 25 years. They have the ability to inject 6 ml of venom in a single bite. It has its own cultural significance, in Hinduism King cobra is also known as Nagas and are considered as divine and worshiped Lord Shiva is often depicted with a cobra coiled around his neck.

15) National Heritage Animal: Indian Elephant

The Indian Elephant has been declared as the National Heritage Animal of India, native to mainland Asia. The Indian elephant has been listed as endangered and threatened by habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation.

16) Oath of Allegiance: National Pledge

The National Pledge is an oath of allegiance to the Republic Of India. It is commonly recited by Indians in unison at public events, especially in schools, and during the Independence Day and Republic Day celebrations. The pledge was originally composed in the Telugu language by writer Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962. It was first read out in a school in Visakhapatnam in 1963 and was subsequently translated into various regional languages.

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How many national symbols are there in India?

17 national symbols

Ans: There are 17 national symbols of India.

What is India’s national fruit?


A fleshy fruit, eaten ripe or used green for pickles etc., of the tree Mangifera indica, the mango is one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world.

Who is the National Sweet of India?


Do you know that Jalebi is the national sweet of India and you will find this sweet in every corner of India and the taste of the Jalebis of this shop is wonderful and you will like to visit it for other reasons like the liveliness of the place and the activities taking place nearby it.

What are the four national symbols?

National symbols are marks, signs and objects for which the country is known/recognized. Examples of these natural symbols are the constitution, map pledge, Anthem, flag, coat of arms, currency and passports.

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