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Civilising the Native Educating the Nation

The British invaded India and harassed the Indians, but they brought western schooling with them. They attempted to educate the Indians. Let’s learn more about Civilizing the Indigenous People and Educating the Country.

Civilizing the Indigenous Citizens Educating the Nation: We often discuss the British colonisation of our country. Would you believe us if we informed you that the British brought proper education to India? Isn’t that incredible? There is, though, a catch! The British considered themselves to be on a cultural quest. It was essential to ‘civilise the natives.’ They desired to alter their traditions and beliefs. It was the beginning of the British educational method. Let us delve further into this storey in this chapter and learn more about Civilising the Native and Educating the Country.

Britishers and Indian Education

William Jones was named as a junior judge at the Supreme Court by the East India Company in 1783. He began researching ancient Indian texts on law, religion, politics, and other topics. He studied morality, mathematics, pharmacy, and other sciences as well.

In 1781, the British founded a Madrasa in Calcutta. This encouraged students to learn Arabic, Persian, and Islamic law. The Hindu College was established in Benaras in 1791. The aim was to inspire people to read and learn ancient Sanskrit texts. This will be beneficial to the country’s government.

Critics

Many British authorities chastised the Orientalist school of thought in the early nineteenth century. Orientalists were often targeted by James Mill. He believed that the aim of education should be to teach what is valuable and realistic. As a result, Indians should be educated about the West’s science and technological achievements.

Babington, Thomas Another Orientalist critic, Macaulay, saw India as an uncivilised world in search of civilization. Macaulay stressed the importance of English language instruction. The English Education Act of 1835 was enacted in response to Macaulay’s minute. They established English as the primary language of instruction in higher education. The promotion of Oriental organisations was halted.

Education for Commerce

Wood’s Despatch, an educational dispatch, was sent to India by the British in 1854. He lays out the educational agenda that will be implemented in India. It focused on the practical advantages of the European educational system.

Local School Routine

William Adam, a Scottish missionary, visited the Bengal and Bihar districts in the 1830s. He provided an update on educational development in vernacular schools. According to him, the educational structure was adaptable, and local schools were referred to as pathshalas. There was no set charge, no paper materials, and no different school structure.

There were no tables or seats in the classrooms, no blackboards, and no scheme of segregated grades. In addition, they neglected roll-call registers, periodic reviews, and a consistent schedule. The teaching method was oral, and the guru chose what to teach based on the wishes of the students. As a result, the British desired to alter India’s entire native education structure. They proposed that new rituals and rules be implemented in Indian education.

According to Wood’s Despatch, European education will strengthen Indian moral character and make them more truthful and trustworthy. As a result, the corporation will have more public servants that could be trusted.

New Routines, New Rules

The corporation improved the vernacular education scheme after 1854. As a result, they imposed rituals to provide balance to the method. They have defined regulations and assured that checks were carried out on a routine basis. The Company placed a variety of government officials in control of four or five schools each. As a result, the government backed Pathshalas who agreed to the new laws.

National Agenda

Some Indians were enthralled by the progress made in Europe. They believed it was beneficial to the nation. They believed that western education would aid India’s modernization. Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi were also anti-western educators.

Mahatma Gandhi’s Point of View
“English Education has oppressed us,” said Mahatma Gandhi. He said that colonial education instils in Indians a feeling of inferiority.
It was a sinful practise that oppressed Native Americans. He even thought it was casting a dark curse over them.

Mahatma Gandhi aspired to provide an education that would allow Indians to reclaim their reputation and self-respect. Indian languages, he believed, could be used as a teaching tool. Indian languages may help a person’s mind and soul grow.

Abode of Peace’ by Tagore:
In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore established Shantiniketan. A natural setting, he claims, promotes imaginative learning.
As a result, he founded his school in a rural setting 100 kilometres from Calcutta.
He stressed the importance of teaching science and technology alongside painting, music, and dance at Shantiniketan. As a result, the syllabus was extensive and included many of the aforementioned topics.

What is Civilising the native educating the nation?

Mahatma Gandhi said that colonial education instilled in Indians a feeling of inferiority. It caused them to see Western civilization as superior, and it shattered their confidence in their own society. Mahatma Gandhi desired an education that would allow Indians to reclaim their independence and self-respect.

Give Mahatma Gandhi’s views on Modern Education.

“English Education has oppressed us,” said Mahatma Gandhi. He said that colonial education instils in Indians a feeling of inferiority. It was a sinful practise that oppressed Native Americans. He thought it was casting a dark curse on them.
Mahatma Gandhi aspired to provide an education that would allow Indians to reclaim their reputation and self-respect. Indian languages, he believed, could be used as a teaching tool. Indian languages may help a person’s mind and soul grow.